Reality Check: Sexual Assaults at University of Michigan Don’t Support Claim of an ‘Epidemic’Posted: June 26, 2014
For AEIdeas, Mark J. Perry writes: There’s been a lot of attention paid recently to the issue of “campus sexual assaults” and some of the media including the Washington Post and MSNBC have referred to it as an “epidemic.” Doesn’t the term “epidemic” suggest that there is a widespread and growing number of campus sexual assaults? If so, the crime data from at least one major college campus — the University of Michigan — don’t support the term “epidemic” and in fact suggest the exact opposite – a declining trend in sexual assaults, both on and off campus, and for assaults reported to both police and university offices.
“sexual assaults at UM has been trending downward for the last decade”
The chart above shows the annual number of sexual assaults at the University of Michigan-Ann Arbor from their annual crimes reports, like this most recent one. It should be noted that the UM crime reports include sexual assaults that took place: a) on-campus, b) off campus (including out of state) and c) on public property. Further, it includes sexual assaults reported to: a) the University of Michigan Campus Police Department, b) other police departments and c) non-police organizations like the UM Sexual Assault Prevention and Awareness Center. Therefore, it’s a pretty comprehensive report that covers off-campus sexual assaults and assaults not reported to campus police, but to another police department or to a university office or official – in contrast to some universities that apparently only report sexual assaults on campus and only to the campus police.
“…the downward trend in sexual assaults at UM is consistent with the downward trend in the national incidence of rape, which has fallen by 45% over the last 20 years…”
As the chart above shows, the number of “campus” sexual assaults at UM has been trending downward for the last decade, and in 2012 (most recent year available) the number of sexual assaults (34) was about half the numbers in 2004 (64), 2005 (65) and 2006 (65).
I realize that this is just one campus, and I’ll research others as time allows (there is no central database for campus crime reports, each year’s report has to be accessed individually), but how could that trend at UM possibly be described as an “epidemic of sexual assaults on college campuses.” Also, it could be noted that the “1-in-5 women are sexually assaulted while in college” was based on a survey of students at only two universities, and extrapolated to the entire country…(read more)
- UC Berkeley and other campuses “must do more” to better respond to sexual assault, state auditor says (dailycal.org)
- How Can 20% of Women Be Sexually Assaulted in College if the Reporting Rate Is 12%? (willstamped.wordpress.com)
- An OB/GYN’s Open Letter To George Will About His Rape Column (talkingpointsmemo.com)
- Fox News Pundit’s Horrendous Column On Campus Sexual Assault (publichealthwatch.wordpress.com)
- Quote of the day on the campus sexual-assault ‘epidemic’… (aei-ideas.org)
- Northern Arizona University confronts an epidemic (azdailysun.com)
- McCaskill wants info from Education, Justice on campus sexual assaults (washingtonpost.com)