China’s Desperate Battle Against Separatist TerrorismPosted: October 4, 2015
Zunyou Zhou writes: Thailand’s police have linked the August 17 bomb attack on the Erawan Shrine, a popular tourist attraction in Bangkok, to Uighurs, a largely Muslim ethnic group some of whom have been fleeing Chinese rule. The bombing killed 20 people, including seven Chinese tourists, and injured more than 100 others. Nobody has claimed responsibility for one of the worst terrorist incidents in recent Thai history.
Two men are currently in Thai custody: one is an ethnic Uighur carrying a Chinese passport while the other’s nationality hasn’t been confirmed. Thai police and security analysts have said that the perpetrators may have sought retaliation for Thailand’s forced repatriation to China of more than 100 Uighurs in July or for Bangkok’s crackdown on a human smuggling ring that had transported Uighurs from China to Turkey.
If the Thai allegation proves to be true, the blast would mark a rare spillover of violence related to Uighurs outside China. This attack would add a new dimension to the serious issue of terrorism in China, with significant security implications not only for China but also for Turkey, Thailand and other transit countries in connection with the movement of Uighurs.
Uighurs are a Turkic-speaking minority group who call China’s far-western Xinjiang region home. Overseas-based exile groups and campaigners say that Uighurs face brutal repression in China; Beijing denies any religious or cultural discrimination and maintains that its policies help bring stabilityand prosperity to Xinjiang.
Since 2008, China has faced an increasing number of violent attacks which Beijing has blamed on Uighur separatists connected to overseas terrorist organizations. The violence had typically been confined to Xinjiang until October 2013 when a jeep careened onto the sidewalk near Beijing’s Tiananmen Square, killing two pedestrians and injuring more than 40 others; the three perpetrators set the vehicle on fire, taking their lives.
Several months later, a handful of Uighurs mounted a mass knifing at a train station in the southwestern city of Kunming, leaving at least 29 civilians dead and more than 140 others wounded. Beijing said the perpetrators were separatists who had carried out the attack after they failed to flee China for Southeast Asia.
In recent years, many Uighurs have traveled secretly via Southeast Asia to Turkey, a country that views Uighurs as part of a broad Turkic-speaking family and shelters a large Uighur diaspora. Beijing contends that hundreds of Uighurs – including some who have fled to Turkey – have joined the Islamic State, or IS, a notorious terrorist group in Syria and Iraq, and that some of these battle-hardened fighters may return to China to commit acts of terrorism. Following the Kunming massacre, China launched a counterterrorism campaign in Xinjiang and a special crackdown on human smuggling along its southwest border in order to prevent “jihadi migration.”….(read more)
Zunyou Zhou is a counter-terrorism law expert at Germany’s Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law. He has written widely on German and Chinese criminal law and anti-terror legislation, and since 2012 has been the head of the Institute’s China section.
- Malaysia arrests 6 people, says they may have aided Bangkok bomber (dailymail.co.uk)
- Thai police link Uighurs to Bangkok blast (news.com.au)
- ‘Uighur’ suspect wanted over Bangkok blast – Thai police (rappler.com)
- Malaysia arrests several people in connection to Bangkok bombing (smh.com.au)
- Thailand Links Shrine Bombing to Uighur Traffickers (voacambodia.com)